Multisensory Structured Language (MSL):
Effective Strategies for Classroom, Small Group, and Individual Instruction
Based on Orton-Gillingham approaches to reading instruction, Multisensory Structured Language (MSL) is a form of direct instruction of the phonological, morphological, semantic, and syntactic layers of language.
MSL approaches have several core elements:
1) They involve the simultaneous connection of the visual (the way it looks), auditory (the way it sounds), and kinesthetic-tactile (the way it feels) pathways to enhance memory and learning;
2) They use a guided discovery instructional process through Socratic questioning to connect new learning to prior knowledge;
3) They are based on teachers using a well-defined scope and sequence to address phonemic awareness, sound-symbol relationships, phonics, syllable types, structural analysis, spelling, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and handwriting;
4) They ensure enough repetition to help students build mastery; and
5) They scaffold new information until students find a threshold of success.
While MSL approaches are not simple, Martha will show teachers how they can begin to incorporate MSL techniques into their reading programs, reflecting what extensive research from the fields of education, psychology, neuroscience, medicine, and speech-language pathology has shown for over 85 years contributes to lasting gains in reading achievement, especially with struggling readers.
(For Kindergarten/Primary/Junior/Special Education Teachers)